How does hydroponics work? That’s going to be one of the first questions to ask if you want to learn about hydroponics. To gain a solid understanding of hydroponics, you need to start first with the basics of hydroponics, the history of hydroponics, and hydroponic plants.
First of all, “hydroponics” comes from the Greek for “hydro” meaning water, and “ponos” which means labor or work. Basically, what it boils down to is that the water does all the “work” by taking place of the soil. With hydroponics, you can grow any kind of plant including tomatoes or orchids.
If you are a gardener, you know that the key to having a successful garden is to make sure all the needs of your plants are met so that they can have optimum growth. If one thing is missing then the plant does not grow as well or produce as it should. When learning how does hydroponics work, you will gain a thorough understanding of the entire process.
Water & Nutrients
One of the needs plants have is a proper blend of nutrients. When plants grow in soil, the root system grows and reaches out to collect what the plant needs and delivers it to the rest of the plant. Water is critical in this process because it breaks down the nutrients in the soil, such as calcium for instance so that the root system can absorb the minerals and use them to bring on plant growth.
The same thing happens with your tomato plant that you are growing with hydroponics except that your plant is fed specially fortified water and grown either in the water or in a soilless medium such as perlite or peat moss and the nutritional needs of your tomato are already in the water. Everything your tomato plant needs is in the water used in hydroponics the proper pH, minerals and food perfectly balanced for your tomato plant.
To make sure the plants get everything they need and in a consistent manner, you may want to use a timer, bubblers and pumps to make sure that the plants do not dry out because the growth medium does not conserve moisture.
The reason hydroponics is so successful is because your tomato plant does not have to work as hard as its soil-growing cousins do. As a result, your tomato grows faster and larger because the energy that usually goes into establishing a root system to feed the whole plant is focused into the rest of the plant. Your tomato is freer to grow upwards and it will concentrate more on producing fruit.
In addition, if you choose to grow your tomato in a controlled environment, as many in hydroponics do, it will get everything it needs to grow. It gets the right amount of light, the optimal temperature and is free from insects and other pests that stress out and damage the plant.
Whether you say how does hydroponics work or how do hydroponics work, the important thing is that you learn the basics before you get started.